NBS: 133 million Nigerians live in poverty.

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NBS: 133 million Nigerians live in poverty.

*North-85m, South-47m; 66.5m kids live in poverty

According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) yesterday, 133 million (63% of Nigerians) live in poverty, with children making up more than half of the nation’s impoverished.

According to this statistic, two (2) out of every three (3) Nigerians live in poverty and suffer from just over one-fourth of all conceivable ills in terms of health, education, living conditions, and shocks.

This information was provided by the NBS in the MPI Report for 2022, which was released on Thursday in Abuja.

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Survey, conducted by NBS and development partners in 2022, is what led to the creation of the MPI.

The National Bureau of Statistics, the National Social Safety-Nets Coordinating Office, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Children’s Fund, and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative collaborated on the study (OPHI).

The MPI’s poverty aspects are broken down into the following categories: nutrition, food insecurity, travel time to healthcare, attendance at school, years of schooling, and school lag.

Others include water, water quality, sanitation, and building supplies. Assets, assets, underemployment, unemployment Security fright

The survey revealed, among other things, that 35% of the poor—roughly 47 million—live in the South and 65%—86 million—live in the North.

FG reiterates its dedication to eradicating poverty under Buhari

In the meantime, President Muhammadu Buhari has reaffirmed his steadfast commitment to ending poverty in the nation, noting that the MPI results will be utilized to affect future resource allocation decisions, especially to focus on areas where the majority of Nigerians experience deprivation.

According to the objectives of the SDGs and the Africa Agenda 2063, he continued, the MPI results would also be used as a measuring and policy tool to track the Federal Government’s progress toward reaching its aim of removing 100 million people from poverty within ten years.

President Buhari, who was in attendance for the unveiling of the MPI report in Abuja, made the following statement: “This government recognizes the importance of the data and the necessity to utilize it in telling your story to a broad spectrum of stakeholders, both domestically and abroad.

We have now implemented an extensive Data Demand and Usage (DDU) strategy internally to integrate the use of data-driven and evidence-based poverty reduction measures. Let me share seven reasons why Nigeria’s multidimensional poverty index is an effective tool for spurring the kind of action that will help us move toward fulfilling the President’s directive to lift 100 million people out of poverty within the next ten years before we start deploying the data:

First, a person’s simultaneous experiences with a number of deprivations form the foundation of Nigeria’s MPI. They have to do with areas like security, job, living conditions, and dimensions like health and education. In order to break down barriers and address them jointly, the MPI brings under one roof various Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicators and forms of poverty.

Second, Nigeria is a sizable and varied nation. We can identify the precise needs for each State or senatorial district using disaggregation to highlight the wide variety in poverty levels. This will enable decision-makers at those levels to take the necessary action.

How FG plans to exploit the MPI report

It will be incorporated into the National Social Register, the government’s largest database of the poor and vulnerable, as post-pandemic data. Through better targeting and a coordinated response, social interventions will be able to reach everyone.

The MPI is used as a measurement and policy tool for reducing poverty in the Medium-Term National Development Plans (2021-2026 & 2026-2030). Similarly, the Federal Executive Council authorized the National Poverty Reduction with Growth Strategy (NPRGS) for 2022–2025, which is how the MPI project is being carried out this year.

At the Federal level, these results will be used to influence the allocation of resources going forward, particularly to target sectors where most citizens suffer deprivations.

“The MPI is not our only data on poverty, combining the insights provided by MPI results with data from the income poverty measurement, it provides a holistic picture of poverty, and helps to shape the path towards shared prosperity.

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Aspects of Poverty

According to the NBS, there are four components to the National MPI 2022: health, education, living conditions, and work and shocks. Both the quantity and the aspiration of indicators have grown.

In consultations, security shocks came up, and they have been added to the work dimension, which now also includes underemployment. The health dimension now includes time for healthcare and access to food security.

“School lag has been added to the education dimension as a proxy for quality, and water reliability added to living standards. The National MPI 2022 also has a linked Child MPI. This Child MPI extends the National MPI to include appropriate indicators for children aged 0–4, by adding a fifth dimension of child survival and development.

“This additional dimension contains eight vital aspects of early childhood development in physical and cognitive domains—including severe undernutrition, immunization, intellectually stimulating activities, and preschool. While it does not offer individual-level data, it uncovers additional children who according to the extra dimension should qualify as multidimensionally poor.”

Major outcomes of MPI 2022

According to the National MPI 2022, 62.9% of people—roughly 133 million people—experience multidimensional poverty, which is defined as experiencing deprivations in at least 26% of weighted indicators or in more than one dimension. The average deprivation score, which measures the severity of poverty, is 40.9% among the poor. The National MPI is 0.257, indicating that just over one-quarter of all potential deprivations are experienced by the poor in Nigeria.

“Multidimensional poverty is more prevalent in rural areas, where 72% of the population lives in poverty, as opposed to 42% in metropolitan areas.
Approximately 70% of Nigeria’s population lives in rural areas, yet 80% of the poor dwell there, and the degree of poverty there is higher (42% vs. 37% in urban areas).
Geographical Region

“86 million poor people—or 65 percent—live in the North, while approximately 47 million—or 35 percent—live in the South.

In the South West, which has the lowest poverty levels, the MPI of 0.151 indicates that 15% of potential deprivations are experienced by the poor, but in the North East and North West, the MPI of 0.324 indicates that over 32% of potential deprivations are experienced by the poor.

State-by-state poverty

The frequency of multidimensional poverty ranges from a low of 27% in Ondo to a high of 91% in Sokoto. Poverty levels between States differ greatly.

“Although States with very comparable levels of poverty have somewhat different indicator priorities, interventions should be customized to the deprivation profiles of each State.

“It is crucial to take into account both the number of impoverished individuals and their level of poverty when budgeting and planning in order to be accurate.

the plight of children

According to the National MPI, 67.5 percent of children between the ages of 0 and 17 are poor, and 51 percent of all poor people are children.

83.5% of kids under 5 live in poverty, according to the Child MPI. All States have a Child MPI prevalence of over 50%, whereas Bayelsa, Sokoto, Gombe, and Kebbi have a Child MPI prevalence of over 95%.

“The measure of child engagement, where more than half of poor children lack the intellectual stimulation essential to early childhood development, shows the highest levels of deprivation.

“Child poverty is widespread in rural regions, affecting over 90% of rural children.

While 6 out of 10 girls aged 12–17 were poor, among those in child marriages, approximately 8 out of 10 were poor. The MPI among married girls was also higher at 0.338, compared to 0.256 for girls who are not married. While the numbers are small, the differences in poverty are very high, emphasizing the need to address child marriage and multidimensional poverty.

Poverty and School Attendance

“In total, 29% of all school-aged children are not attending school. This is closely linked to multidimensional poverty: 94% of all out-of-school children are poor.

“Thus 27% of all school-age children are both poor and out of school (with no significant gender disparities), making this a critical area in need of urgent investment.

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The statistic illustrates the number of kids who reside in households with inequality, where some kids go to school and others don’t. Compared to 2% of school-age children who are not from low-income families, 17% of poor children report experiencing inequality at home.

“Gender inequality still has a significant impact on the population as a whole, with 1 in 7 poor people (18.6 million) living in homes where a man has completed basic education but no woman has.

2.1% of Nigeria’s population, or 4.4 million people, live in households with pioneer child—a child who has completed six years of education but lives in household where no adult has.

the NBS’s suggestions

The National MPI 2022 as an official monitoring indicator for the endeavor raising 100 million people out of poverty by 2030, to supplement the monetary indicators, was the NBS’s recommendation in terms of recommendations.

“The National MPI 2022 to report and share progress on eradicating poverty through both the Voluntary National Reviews (as 1.2.2) and the Global SDG Indicators Database” (VNRs).

The National MPI should be updated frequently using suitable survey method. 
It is crucial that the Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning (MFBNP) integrate the National MPI 2022 with the National Monitoring and Evaluation Framework.
“With suitable aims, incorporate the National MPI into medium and long-term initiatives (like the National Development Plan).

Make existing national policies and action plans that have an influence on high concentrations of deprivations at the national or subnational level a priority, and implement them more quickly.

Adopt a national policy to hasten the transition to clean cooking fuels and technology, as more than half of the population who are multidimensionally poor now use dung, wood, or charcoal as a fuel source.

Since children make up more than half of the impoverished, making efforts to reduce child poverty should be a key national priority.

“Policies pertaining to early childhood development must be tightened and expedited. Prioritizing policies to increase school enrollment and attendance, as well as those to end child marriage, is necessary because the nutrition of children ages 0 to 4 cannot wait.

Prioritize interventions in rural areas, where 80% of all people living in poverty on multiple dimensions reside, in addition to earlier policy recommendations.

“Adopt a program to encourage work and reduce shocks for households that contain at least one PLWD.

Continue to incorporate MPI data into the National Social Register (NSR) to make sure that those who are multidimensionally poor are taken into account when targeting.

Spread the word about the poverty dashboard so that non-governmental organizations can use the National MPI data to focus their programs.

Uncontested NBS poverty report—NECA

In response, the Nigeria Employers’ Consultative Association, or NECA, stated that the NBS data is unquestionable because to the high inflation rate which renders the average person’s disposable income meaningless and businesses being challenged on all fronts.

According to NECA Director-General Wale-Smatt Oyerinde, “The NBS report that 63 percent of Nigerians, or around 133 million people, are impoverished, cannot be far from the truth. The NBS figure is unassailable given the high rate of inflation that has rendered the average person’s disposable income meaningless and the numerous obstacles facing businesses.

Even while farmers are still not entirely free to grow and harvest their crops, food costs have risen over the previous few months as inflation has remained high. Even worse, many Nigerians’ economic prospects and means of subsistence were interrupted by the recent flood, significantly lowering their standard of living.

The fiscal and monetary mess that has tended to keep many in poverty rather than elevate them out of it must be addressed if the government is to stop this trend. To promote business growth and create more jobs, pro-business regulations should be strengthened.

PDP Campaign: APC would leave a legacy of poverty

The Atiku-Okowa Presidential Campaign responded to the MPI 2022 report by claiming that the outgoing Muhammadu Buhari-led All Progressives Congress administration was leaving behind a disgraceful record of grinding poverty brought on by appalling results in health and education, among other development indices.

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According to the National Bureau of Statistics’ most recent report, 63 percent of Nigerians live in poverty, underscoring the fact that the number of people living in poverty in the country is alarming. However, Phrank Shaibu, Special Assistant to Atiku Abubakar for Public Communication, said that the multidimensional height of our poverty level warrants concern.

This, he continued, “is the more so because there have been no persuasive actions taken to suggest that anything concrete is being done about it in Buhari’s Nigeria.

“Over 23 million youths, the majority of whom are educated and have the ability to be productive, are unemployed,” he remarked. The security and stability of the Nigerian country are under danger as a result of this trend.

“From a monetary standpoint, the Central Bank of Nigeria, whose responsibility it is to control inflation, asserts that it is making every effort to keep general prices for goods and services low, stable, and predictable, even when data on the ground indicate otherwise.

Records show that 54.7 percent of Nigerians are financially excluded due to low levels of bank penetration in the nation, and that, in addition to the 916 Microfinance Banks, the 24 “big banks” have only a little over 6000 branches, most of which are concentrated in a few urban centers, despite the Buhari administration’s claims to be empowering potential investors, both big and small, in order to improve people’s lives.

He continued, “To make matters worse, the Federal Government’s 2016 social safety net program to combat hunger and poverty has not had significant impact due to poor implementation, allegations of corruption, and politicization.
“Only sensible government will realize that by shifting public spending back to capital projects from recurring costs and pointless consumption, the government can have positive impact on incomes and employment.
These recently hired people will be able to pay their rent, bills, and other requirements, which will help farmers, herders, landlords, and others by bringing in money.
“Another area to focus on is industrial strategy, the kind that is outlined in Alhaji Atiku Abubakar’s agenda.
“A country with 200 million citizens cannot rely solely on imports and lose its manufacturing industry. 
We must make sure that the majority of the food, drink, clothing and other items we use every day are produced locally to support local economies and conserve foreign exchange.
Although the current policy direction may increase government revenue, it really wastes limited resources and creates more jobs and income for foreign nations.
“More job openings need to be generated, including in the manufacturing sector. 
The common defense that the sector does not create many jobs because it requires lot of capital has been refuted by the examples of both large and small nations, such as Trinidad Tobago, Brazil, and Russia.
Instead of growing the upstream and downstream sectors through the construction of integrated complexes to supply chemicals, plastics, and other industrial inputs for our industrial uses and export, we appear to have so far concentrated mostly on what taxes, fees, or royalties we can take. By now, the era of merely exporting crude should be finished.
Atiku’s policy document, code-named Unity-SEED, which stands for Unity, Security, Economy, Education, and Devolution of Power to States and Local Governments, places emphasis on promoting diversification and connections between agriculture, industry, and micro and small businesses in order to break with Buhari’s legacy of poverty.

“Although the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) presidential candidate believes that the oil sector shall remain crucial to Nigeria’s development as it continues to provide financial resources for investment in economic and social infrastructure, his plan is to give priority to the promotion of sustained non-oil sector growth and enhanced linkages between the oil and non-oil sectors, according to Shaibu,” he said.

“Atiku shall promote the development of a commercially driven, technologically advanced agriculture that provides food security and interfaces with the manufacturing sector for the supply of raw materials in pursuit of a strategy of diversification.

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